Bibliography of Works Relating West Point and Mathematics

Ackerberg-Hastings, Amy  K., Mathematics is a Gentleman's Art: Analysis and Synthesis in American College Geometry Teaching, 1790-1840, PhD dissertation, Iowa State University, 2000, 335pp. DAI 2001 61(7): 2892-A. DA9977308.

Ackerberg-Hastings, Amy  K. (Iowa State University, Iowa, USA), "The semi-secret history of Charles Davies,"  CSHPM talk, June 2000.

Charles Davies (1798-1876) and his textbooks invariably show up in discussions touching on mathematics education in the United States in the nineteenth century. Yet, due to the generality, age, or inaccessibility of most of even the relevant secondary sources, many mathematicians and historians have been unable to learn the reasons why Davies exerted such a pervasive influence. Thus, this paper draws upon the first modern biography of Davies to outline his life and career.  The paper will also note some of the perennial themes in mathematics education manifested in Davies' textbook series.

Anderson, R. E., "Hutton, Charles," Dictionary of National Biography, XXVIII, 351-355.

 Margaret Baron says that this is “An adequate account of Hutton’s life and work”.
Arney, David C., "Resources in the history of mathematics at the United States Military Academy," Historia Mathematica, 5 (1988), 368-369. [Have journal]

Arney, David C., “Mathematics Curriculum at West Point during the Nineteenth Century: Courses, Textbooks, Content, Faculty, Students, and Influences.” Invited lecture presented at the Special Session on the History of American Mathematics, AMS meeting in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 5 April 1998. Abstract # 933-01-32.

 Details of this lecture are known via a copy of the overheads used.
Ausejo, Elena and Hormigon, Mariano  (eds.), Messengers of mathematics : European mathematical journals (1800-1946). Madrid : Siglo XX, 1993.  xxiv, 297 p. : ill., facsims. ; 21 cm. SERIES: Ciencia.
I had this on ILL and photocopied some of the articles.
Barnett, Correlli, "The education of military elites," Journal of Contemporary History, 1967 2(3): 15-35.

Bartlett, William Holms Chambers (1804-1893). "Account of the observatory and instruments of the United States Military Academy at West Point : with observations on the Comet of 1843. [191]-203 p. : ill. ; 30 cm. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society ; new ser., v. 9, pt. 6, 1846,  "Read May 30, 1843."

Baron, Margaret E., “Hutton, Charles,” Dictionary of Scientific Biography, vol. 6 [year?], pp. 576-577.  Reprinted in Dictionary of Mathematicians  [get exact title and reference].

 A brief but nice article. Good references. Make copy and start a folder on Hutton.
Batchelor, Darrin, "Development of the mathematical sciences at West Point: Applications of the Calculus (1837-1870), 18 page unpublished manuscript, 1993. LTC Arney was advisor for this cadet paper. Rickey has copy.

Belhoste, Bruno, "Les origines de l'Ecole Polytechnique. Des anciennes secoles d'ingueniers a 'Ecole Centrale des Trqvaux Publics, [The origins of the Ecole Polytechnique: from the old engineering schools to the Central School for Public Works]. Histoire de l'Education [France] 1989 (42): 13-53.
    Abstract:  Discusses the founding of the Ecole Polytechnique during the French Revolutionary period, tracing the development of Old Regime engineering schools and the founding of the Ecole Centrale des Travaux Publics under the leadership of Gaspard Monge.

Belhoste, Bruno, and Antoine Picon, eds. L'Ecole d'application de l'artillerie et du génie de Metz, 1802-1870: Enseignement et recherches. Paris: Musée des Plans-Reliefs, 1996. 76 pages. Contents include: "L'Ecole d'application de l'artillerie et du génie de Metz ou l'organisation d'un compromis," by Fabrice Hamelin; "Les caractères généraux de l'enseignement à l'Ecole d'application de l'artillerie et du génie de Metz," by Bruno Belhoste and Antoine Picon; "Les cours de fortifications à l'Ecole de Metz," by Philippe Prost; "Jean-Victor Poncelet et la 'science des machines' à l'Ecole de Metz," by Konstantinos Chatzis; "L'enseignement de la chimie appliquée aux arts militaires," by Bruno Belhoste; "La recherche appliquée et la recherche expérimentale à l'Ecole de Metz," by Patrice Bret; and "Le problème de l'efficacité du tir à l'Ecole de Metz: Aspects théoriques et expérimentaux," by Bernard Bru. Proceedings of a conference held on Nov. 2, 1995. Reviewed by Janis Langins in Technology and Culture 39 (Jan. 1998): 148-49.

Belhoste, Bruno, La formation polytechnicienne 1794-1994. Paris, Dunod, 1994.  x, 469 p.
    CONTENTS: Belhoste, Bruno / Un modele a l'epreuve.  L'Ecole polytechnique de 1794 a Second Empire. Gillispie, Charles C. / Un enseignment hegemonique: Les mathematiques. Hahn, Roger  / Le role de Laplace a l'Ecole polytechnique. Petit, Annie / L'imperialisme des geometres a l'Ecole polytechnique.  Les critiques d'Auguste Comte. Sakarovitch, Joel / La geometrie descriptive, une reine dechue. Chatzis, Konstantinos / Mecanique rationnelle et mecanique des machines. Langins, Janis / L'enseignment d'une science ephemere: La fortification. Chervel, Andre / Les etudes litteraires dans la formation polytechnicienne. Picon, Antoine / Les annees d'enlisement.  L'Ecole polytechnique de 1870 a l'entre-deux-guerres. Gispert, Helene / De Bertrand a Hadamard: Quel enseignment d'analyse pour les polytechniciennes. Crepel, Pierre / Le calcul des probabilites: De l'arithmetique sociale a l'art militaire. Atten, Michel / La physique en souffrance, 1850-1914. Kounelis, Catherine / Heurs et malheurs de la chimie.  La reforme des annees. Vigato, Jean-Claude / Gustave Umbdenstock, architecture, polemique et tradition. Dhombres, Jean / L'image scientiste' de l'Ecole  polytechnique. Dahan-Dalmedico, Amy / Renover sans se renier.  L'Ecole polytechnique de 1945 a nos jours. Pestre, Dominique / Le renouveau de la recherche a l'Ecole polytechnique et le laboratoire de Louis Leprince-Ringuet. Charpentier-Morize, Micheline / . Nekoval Chikhaoui, Ludmila / Un enseignment en crise: La chimie dans la premiere moitie du XXe siecle. Armatte, Michel / L'economie a l'Ecole polytechnique. Guigueno, Vincent / Une figure contestee: L'officier-ingenieur (1920-1943). Karvar, Anousheh / Les eleves etrangers.  Analyse d'un politique. Grelon, Andre / L'Ecole polytechnique, une ecole d'ingenieurs?.
    NOTES: Source of data: HTE Current Bibliography in the History of Technology.
    OTHER AUTHORS: Dahan-Dalmedico, Amy. Picon, Antoine.

Bell, Rich, "The historical development of descriptive geometry at the United States Military Academy, West Point, New York," 51 page unpublished manuscript plus copies of overheads, 1993. LTC Arney was advisor for this cadet paper. Rickey has copy.

Bradley, Margaret. "Scientific education versus military training: The influence of Napoleon Bonaparte on the "Ecole Polytechnique,"  Annals of Science 1975, 32: 415-449.
    NOTES: Source of data: Isis Current Bibliography of History of Science.
    SUBJECTS: Science--universities--19th century--France.
                    Ecole Polytechnique, Paris.

Bradley, Margaret. "An early science library and the provision of textbooks: The Ecole Polytechnique, 1794-1815," Libri: International Library Review 1976, 26: 165-180.
    NOTES: A useful study based on archival material, but some books are incorrectly identified. Source of data: Isis Current Bibliography of History of Science.
    SUBJECTS: Science--textbooks--19th century--France.
                    Ecole Polytechnique, Paris.

Bradley, Margaret, "Scientific education fro a new society: The École Polytechnique 1795-1830," History of Education [Great Britain] 1976 5(1): 11-24.

Describes the development which lead to the establishment in 1794 in Paris of the École Centrale des Travaux Publics, subsequently the École Polytechnique. It was the first institution in the world dedicated to a systematic technical education of its students. The author traces Gaspard Monge's role in establishing and running the school, its fee and entrance examination system, its fate during the Napoleonic regime and the Bourbon restoration, and the social and geographical origins of its students. By 1830 the École Polytechnique was no longer the democratic, free, and open establishment of its founders. 4 tables, 46 notes.

Brock, William H. and Price, Michael H.,  Squared paper in the 19th century: Instrument of science and engineering, and symbol of reform in mathematical education,  Educational Studies in Mathematics 1980, 11: 365-381.

The gradual adoption of squared (graph) paper from its exclusive use as a research tool in the early 19th century to its universal use for a variety of purposes in mathematics education by the end of the first decade of the 20th century.

Budka, Metchie J. E., "Minerva versus Archimedes," Smithsonian Journal of History 1966 1(1): 61-64. ISSN: 0583-6565.

Cajori, Florian, The Early Mathematical Sciences in North and South America, Boston: R.G. Badger [1928]

Cajori, Florian, The Chequered Career of Ferdinand Rudolph Hassler, Christopher Pub. House, Boston, 1929. Reprinted New York: Arno Press, 1980.

Church, Albert  Ensign, 1807-1878, USMA 1828, Personal reminiscences of the Military Academy from 1824 to 1831: a paper read to the U.S. Military Service Institute, West Point, March 28, 1878
West Point, N.Y. : Printed by the U.S.M.A. Press, 1879. Available in PDF format on the USMA library computer. Made copy, January 2001. One can search the electronic copy on the library computer. 

Conlin, Michael F., "The Smithsonian abolition lecture controversy: The clash of antislavery politics with American science in wartime Washington," Civil War History. Kent: Dec 2000. Vol. 46, Iss. 4; p. 300 (25 pages). Available electronically in USMA library

    Mentions Bledsoe.

Conover, Cheryl, ed., " 'To please Papa:' The letters of John Waller Barry, West Point Cadet, 1826-1830." Register of the Kentucky Historical Society 1982 80(2): 182-212. ISSN: 0023-0243

Crackel, Theodore Joseph, "The founding of West Point: Jefferson and the politics of security," Armed Forces & Society 1981 7(4): 529-543. ISSN: 0095-327X.

Crackel, Theodore Joseph, "Jefferson, politics, and the Army: An examination of the Military Peace Establishment Act of 1802," Journal of the Early Republic 1982 2(1): 21-38. ISSN: 0275-1275.

Daston, Lorraine J., "The physicalist tradition in early nineteenth century French geometry,  Studies in History and Philosophy of Science [Great Britain], 1986 17(3): 269-295.

The physicalist tradition of French synthetic geometry, linking mathematics to physical phenomena over abstract analysis, was influenced by three factors: the late 18th-century crises over the metaphysical foundations of calculus, Gaspard Monge's influence on the curriculum of the Ecole Polytechnique, and the contemporary emphasis on the practical pedagogical value of mathematics.

Denton, Edgar, 1919- , The formative years of the United States Military Academy, 1775-1833, 1964, WP HIST COLL-PERSHING CTR,  U410.L1 D4 1964aa.  HISTORY DEPT-THAYER   U410.L1 D4 1964aa.

Dody, Brigitte, "La Correspondance sur L'Ecole Polytechnique, 1804-1816: Un journal scientifique multidisciplinaire au service d'une ecole,"  [La Correspondance sur l'Ecole Polytechnique, 1804-16: a multidisciplinary scientific journal created for a school], Sciences et Techniques en Perspective [France] 1994 28: 24-178. ISSN: 0294-0264

Dohmbres, J., "French mathematics textbooks from Bezout to Cauchy," Historia Scientiarum, No. 28 (1985), 91-137. [Have photocopy.]

This paper deals with the quantity of mathematics books published in France from 1775 to 1825. A list of books published in 1775, 1800, 1812, and a1825 are included; there were 12 + 28 + 45 + 38 books. This list is small enough that we should compare it with what is at USMA to get a feeling for how comprehensive the McRee-Thayer purchases were. This is the first of a three part paper. Need to get the other parts.
Dooley, Edwin L., Jr., "Claudius Crozet: Disseminator of French technical education to the United States," Consortium on Revolutionary Europe 1750-1850: Proceedings 1986 16: 449-459. ISSN: 0093-2574
Claudius Crozet (1790-1864) brought a rigorous scientific and mathematical approach to engineering from the Ecole Polytechnique of Paris to the United States Military Academy at West Point. Following military service under Napoleon, he emigrated to the United States, where he became a professor of engineering at West Point and helped reorganize the curriculum. Conflict with the academy's authoritarian superintendent led him to resign in 1823, but he contributed his efforts to engineering and military education in Virginia, including the design of tunnels and turnpikes in that state.
Dossey, John A., Ed., Confronting the Core Curriculum: Considering Change in the Undergraduate Mathematics Major. Proceedings of the West Point Core Curriculum Conference in Mathematics (West Point, New York, April 23-24, 1994). 1998. Mathematical Association of America, P.O. Box 91112, Washington, DC: 182p. ERIC_NO: ED417953
This document contains the proceedings of a conference held at the U.S. Military Academy to consider the question of core requirements for the courses often employed by partner disciplines, what concepts and procedural skills are really central, and how these questions might lead to the creation of a new undergraduate set of requirements that meet both the needs of mathematics departments and those of their partner disciplines. Chapters include: (1) "Core Curriculum in Context: History, Goals, Models, Challenges" (Lynn Arthur Steen); (2) "Response To Core Curriculum in Context: History, Goals, Models, Challenges" (Joan Ferrini-Mundy); (3) "Core Mathematics at the United States Military Academy: Leading into the 21st Century" (David C. Arney, William P. Fox, Kelley B. Mohrmann, Joseph D. Myers, and Richard A. West); (4) "Discrete Mathematics in the Core Curriculum" (Alan Tucker); (5) "Response to Discrete Mathematics in the Core Curriculum" (Martha Siegel); (6) "Calculus in the Core" (Wayne Roberts); (7) "Response to Calculus in the Core I: Parallels in Calculus" (David Heckman); (8) "Response to Calculus in the Core II: Calculus and Other 7-into-4 Issues" (Stephen Rodi); (9) "Calculus after High School Calculus" (Don Small); (10) "Response to Calculus after High School I" (Frank Wattenberg); (11) "Response to Calculus after High School Calculus II" (Jeanette Palmiter); (12) "Linear Algebra in the Core Curriculum" (Donald R. LaTorre); (13) "Response to Linear Algebra in the Core I" (David Carlson); (14) "Response to Linear Algebra in the Core II" (Anita E. Solow); (15) "Response to Linear Algebra in the Core III" (Steve Friedberg); (16) "Differential Equations in the Core Curriculum" (James V. Herod); (17) "Response to Differential Equations in the Core I" (Donald Bushaw); (18) "Response to Differential Equations in the Core II: ODEs Renewed" (Courtney Coleman); (19) "Response to Differential Equations in the Core III: Data Sets in the First Course of Differential Equations" (David O. Lomen); (20) "Probability and Statistics in the Core Curriculum" (David S. Moore); (21) "Response to Probability and Statistics in the Core I" (Ann E. Watkins); (22) "Response to Probability and Statistics in the Core II" (R.A. Kolb); (23) "Probability and Statistics in the Core III: Is It Really Such a Tight Squeeze?" (Sheldon P. Gordon); (24) "Evaluation of Mathematics Core Curriculum Conference, April 22-24, 1994" (Robert Orrill); (25) "A Curriculum Reform Workshop/Retreat" (Don Small); (26) "Carroll College Mathematics Curriculum Reform Project" (John Scharf and Marie Vanisko); (27) "A Preliminary Plan for Curriculum Change at Harvey Mudd College: N-into-Four" (Robert Borrelli, Robert Keller, and Michael Moody); (28) "Core Curriculum Reform Model for the Oklahoma State University" (James Choike); and (29) "Plan To Integrate Calculus II and III Curricula at University of Redlands" (J. Beery, P. Cornell, A. Killpatrick, and A. Koonce). (ASK)

Duemer, Lee S., "The history of antebellum military academies in the north: 1803-1865," American Educational History Journal 1999 26(1): 128-133. ISSN: 1535-0584

Dupuy, R. Ernest, "West Point et l'Ecole Polytechnique," Revue Historique de l'Armée 1957 13(2): 167-179. ISSN: 0035-3299.
Numéro Spécial: Fraternité d'Armes Franco-Américaine. Summary account of the re-organization of West Point from 1817 on, along lines influenced by the observations and studies made by Colonel Sylvanus Thayer in France, at the instigation of Secretary of War James Monroe.
Eells, Walter Crosby, and Cleveland, Austin Carl, "Faculty Inbreeding," Journal of Higher Education, Vol. 6, No. 5. (May, 1935), pp. 261-269.  Copy form JSTOR, August 2000.
In 1935 inbreeding among faculty, i.e., those who got degree at the school where they were teaching, was 97% at USMA, the highest of any school in the country. At the Naval Academy it was 73% and their boards of visitors repeatedly complained of this. Find out if the same was true at USMA. Draw a graph of the percent inbreeding during each year at USMA. Only 18 schools had more than 50% inbreeding at this time.
EMERSON v. DAVIES et al., Case No. 4,436, Circuit Court, D. Massachusetts, 8 F. Cas. 615; 1845 U.S. App. LEXIS 373; 4 W.L.J. 261; 8, Law Rep. 270, May, 1845, Term.  LEXSEE 8 FCAS 615,AT 619. Have copy.

Emerson, F., The Case of Frederick Emerson versus Charles Davies and Alfred S. Barnes, Boston: Dickinson 1845.

This was in the Library of Congress, but it appears to be lost. It is listed in Karpinski, but I know no one who has seen it. It is probably EMERSON v. DAVIES listed above.
Ertwine, Dean Robert, Thayer Concept versus Traditional Lecture Instruction: A Comparison of Two Teaching Methods at the United States Military Academy, Master's dissertation in Chemistry, Lehigh University, 1983. University Microfilms 8329466 ordered August 2000 for $38.50. Given to USMA library as it deals primarily with chemistry.

Forman, Sidney, "The beginning of the West Point library," Bulletin No. 3, The Library, USMA, West Point, NY, ii + 4 pages. [Have offprint.]

Deals with the library of the corps of invalids library at West Point, 1777-1802. Lewis Nicola was the first librarian. Some books are named by title, but none of them is a mathematics book. The library was burned, perhpas by arson, in 1796, but some books survived.
Forman, Sidney, "The United States Military Philosophical Society, 1802-1813," The William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd series, II (July 1945), 273-285. [Have photocopy.]
The USMPS was founded by Jonathan Williams in November 1902. This paper describes the activities of the society, but, although the word mathematics, is mentioned several times, there is no mention of any specific mathematical talk that took place. I need to find and consult the four volume archive.

Forman, Sidney, West Point: A History of the United States Military Academy, New York: Columbia University Press, 1950. [Have copy.]

Forman, Sidney, "Why the United States Military Academy was established in 1802," Military Affairs 1965 29(1): 16-28. ISSN: 0026-3931. Available in JSTOR.

Geissler, Suzanne, "Professor Dennis Mahan speaks out on West Point Chapel Issues, 1850," Journal of Military History 2005 69(2): 505-519. ISSN: 0899-3718.

Glas, Eduard, "On the dynamics of mathematical change in the case of Monge and the French Revolution," Studies in History and Philosophy of Science [Great Britain], 1986 17(3): 249-268.
                Abstract:      Influenced by the reformist spirit of the French revolutionary government, Gaspard Monge reformulated geometry from a classical Euclidian analysis of ideal forms, such as Pierre Simon de Laplace and Joseph Lagrange pursued, to a discipline descriptive of the relationships of objects in the real world.

Greenhouse, Lisa A. (editor), Ferdinand Rudolph Hassler, 1770-1843: measuring the young republic, Gaithersburg, Md.: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Institute of Standards and Technology, [1998]. Description 11, [1] p. : ill. ; 26 cm. Notes Shipping list no.: 98-0271-P. "April 1998"--P. [12]. ITEM0244.   [Ask Tilford to get me a copy of this]

Gregory, Olinthus, 1823. "Brief memoir of Chares Hutton,  L.L.D., F.R.S." Imperial Magazine, 5 (March 1823), 202-227. ILL requested.

Griess, Thomas E, 1921- , USMA Jan. 1943, Dennis Hart Mahan: West Point professor and advocate of military professionalism, 1830-1871, [Durham, N.C.] 1968 [c1969], HISTORY  DEPT-THAYER UG23.M28 G75 1968.

Grison, Emmanuel. "L'EDUCATION POUR LES ARTS ET METIERS: J.-H. HASSENFRATZ (1755-1827), PUBLICISTE ET PROFESSEUR [Technical education: J. H. Hassenfratz (1755-1827), publicist and professor]. Annales Historiques de la Révolution Française [France] 1995 (302): 555-569.
                 Abstract:   Jean Henri Hassenfratz was purely self-taught. Enlisted in the navy, he was trained as a geometrician-geographer.  After having made an impression on Gaspard Monge, he became underinspector of mines. Then he assisted Lavoisier. As a member of the Society of 1789, then as a  Jacobin, he tackled popular science in publications and was a member of the bureau of consultation on the arts. At the lycée he gave a course on technology (this is the first time the word was used) for workers and artisans and, at the Ecole de Mars, a course on military strategy. At the origins of the Central School of Public Works (which soon became known as the Polytechnic School) he taught general physics. He remained there for thirty years in spite of his indictment in the Year III for having a terrorist past.

Grubbs, John H.; And Others, "Integrating the Computer into Engineering at West Point," Engineering Education; v76 n4 p219-22 Jan 1986.  ERIC_NO: EJ333495
    ABSTRACT: Discusses the use of computers and computer-oriented instruction in the engineering programs at West Point, indicating that computers are treated as powerful tools used to enhance the learning process. A computer-aided design course and computer program categories are also described. (JN)

Guggisberg, Frederick Gordon, 1869-1930, "The Shop;" the story of the Royal Military Academy, with eight coloured plates, two plans, and numerous other illustrations, London, New York [etc.] Cassell and Company, limited, 1900, xii, 276 p. front., illus., plates (partly col.) 2 fold. plans. 23 cm. USMA:   U518 .G939

Hamlin, Percy G., "Richard S. Ewell: His humanity and humor," Virginia Cavalcade 1971 21(2): 4-11. ISSN: 0042-6474.

Hansen, Richard P., "The Crisis of the West Point honor code," Military Affairs 1985 49(2): 57-62. ISSN: 0026-3931. JSTOR.

Turner, Charles W., ed., "The education of Col. David Bullock Harris, C.S.A., using his West Point letters, 1829-1835," West Virginia History 1985-1986 46(1-4): 45-57. ISSN: 0043-325X.

Hassler, William W., "John Pelham of the horse artillery," Civil War Times Illustrated 1964 3(5): 10-14. ISSN: 0009-8094

Heise, Juergen Arthur, The brass factories; a frank appraisal of West Point, Annapolis, and the Air Force Academy,  Washington, Public Affairs Press [1969],  vii, 190 p. front. 24 cm. USMA:  U408.3 .H365b.

Higginbotham, Don, "The debate over national military institutions: An issue slowly resolved, 1775-1815," The American Revolution: Changing Perspectives (Boston: Northeastern U. Pr., 1979): 149-168.

Hill, Burton S., "Thomas S. Twiss, indian agent," Great Plains Journal 1967 6(2): 85-96. ISSN: 0017-3673.

Horii, Masanobu, "OSAKA EIGO GAKKO NO SUGAKU KYOIKU TO DAVIES, BOURDON, LEGENDRE - KYOTO DAIGAKU NO SHIRYO O CHUSHIN NI," [Mathematics education at the Osaka English School, with C. Davies, P. L. M. Bourdon, and A. M. Legendre: On the materials in Kyoto University's possession]. (In Japanese).
Kagakusi Kenkyu  (Journal of History of Science, Japan), 1999, 38: 1-10. ISSN: 0022-7692
    On the mathematics used at Osaka English School (later Kyoto University) in the 19th century. This comes from _ISIS Current Bibliography, 1999_ item number 2449. Copy ordered ILL April 2000. Copy received 19 May 2000.

Hoskin, Keith, "Textbooks and the mathematisation of American reality: the role of Charles Davies and the US Military Academy at West Point," Paradigm, Number 13 (May, 1994), pp. 11-41. [Have this issue of the journal.]

Hoskin, Keith,  Examinations and the schooling of science.

Howson, A[lbert] Geoffrey, A History of Mathematics Education in England, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982.  [Rickey owns a copy]

 This contains a nice chapter on Charles Hutton (pp. 59-74). There is scant info about his boyhood, info on the schools he ran, and quite a bit of info on the books he wrote. He was not an original writer but a great expositor. There is also info on his career at The Royal Military Academy, Woolich, and his editorship of The Ladies Diary. His A Course in Mathematics, which reflects the curriculum at the Royal Military Academy in Woolich, England, was used as a text at USMA from 1802 to 1823.
Hunt, D'Hania, "The search for calculus in Charles Hutton's Course of Mathematics. Mathematics at USMA (1802-1817),"
30 page unpublished manuscript, 1993. LTC Arney was advisor for this cadet paper. Rickey has copy.

Hunter, Robert F., 1921- , and Edwin L. Dooley, Jr, Claudius Crozet, French engineer in America, 1790-1864, Charlottesville : University Press of Virginia, 1989, USMA CIRCULATING BOOKS   TA140.C8 H86 1989.

Jabour, Anya, "Masculinity and adolescence in Antebellum America: Robert Wirt at West Point, 1820-1821," Journal of Family History, 1998 23(4): 393-416. ISSN: 0363-1990. He is x1824; on line in USMA library.

In December 1821, only a little over a year after his arrival, Robert Wirt led a student rebellion against West Point's rigid discipline, directed against the academy's superintendent, Major Sylvanus Thayer. Several unidentified cadets set the mess hall ablaze, and in the confusion that followed, they set up a loaded cannon and aimed it at the superintendent's home. His roommates, Triste and Ross,  were assistant professors of French and mathematics, respectively. Robert made "seeing my name at the head of the roll" his goal at West Point. His first week, he experienced "a sad disappointment" in being marked one quarter of a point behind the first in the mathematics class, disappointedly writing his mother that "if it would be any compensation, I am marked first in the french department." The ranking system of the academy encouraged competition, and Robert described his academic struggles in a variety of metaphors that conjured up images of strife and war. "I have outstripped, Findlay who for a long time held the first place of honor in our section," he boasted in November 1820. "But it seems to me, that the head of our class resembles the classical dragon, for as soon as one head is lopped off, up shoots another - as soon as I overtook, and discomfitted Findlay, young Mahan popped into notice - and now the latter and Williams are my only opponents: - I hope to be able to unhorse them before the tournament is over."  The U.S. Attorney General was Robert's father, William Wirt.

Jackman, S. W., ed., "David Bates Douglass' Journal," American Neptune 1964 24(4): 280-293. ISSN: 0003-0155

Julia, Dominique, "Gaspard Monge, examinateur," [The examiner, Gaspard Monge]. Histoire de l'Education [France] 1990 (46): 111-133.

In the context of selection procedures for the officers of military technical corps, the entrance exams classified by Gaspard Monge during his yearly three-month examining tour reveal an intransigent and rigorous ethic on the part of the examiner and provide a valuable insight into technical apprenticeship and the integrated network of military teaching in the second half of the 18th century.
Kelly, C. Brian. "Claudius Crozet, Military Engineer for Napoleon, Missed Waterloo, but Then Made a Lasting Mark in Young America," Military History 13 (June 1996): 90.

Keith, Bruce and Forest, James, "The Hudson river valley's influence on engineering education in the United States," Hudson River Valley Review 2005 21(2): viii, 1-12. ISSN: 1546-3486.

Lake, Virginia T., ed., "A crisis of concience: West Point letters of HenryA. Du Pont, October 1860 - June 1861," Civil War History 1979 25(1): 55-65. ISSN: 0009-8078.

Lamande, Pierre, "Trois traites francais de geometrie a l'oree du XIX e siecle: Legendre, Peyrard et Lacroix," Physis Vol. 30, n.s., fasc. 2-3 (1993), p.243-302.
     NOTES: Source of data: BISS, Italian bibliography of the history of science. A p. 299-300: Editions des ''Elements de geometrie'' de Bezout; Editions des ''Elements de geometrie'' de Legendre; Editions des ''Elements de geometrie'' de Lacroix.
    SUBJECTS:  Legendre, Adrien Marie (1752-1833). Peyrard, Francois (1760-1822). Lacroix, Silvestre Francois (1765-1843).

Leon, Philip W., Bullies and cowards : the West Point hazing scandal, 1898-1901, Westport, CT : Greenwood Press, 2000.   USMA:  U410.E9 2000.

Mathematics instructor Lieutenant Frank W. Coe, USMA 1892, is mentioned on p. 37.

Lisowski, Lori A., "The future of West Point: Senate debates on the Military Academy during the Civil War," Civil War History 1988 34(1): 5-21. ISSN: 0009-8078

Lutun, Bernard, "La survie d'une Institution de l'Ancien Regieme ou l'invention de L'Ecole Polytechnique (1789-1801),"[The survival of an institution from the ancien régime, or the invention of the Ecole Polytechnique, 1789-1801], Revue Historique [France] 1993 289(2): 383-420. ISSN: 0035-3264.

Mansfield, Edward Deering, 1801-1880, USMA 1819. "The utility and services of the United States Military Academy : a discourse delivered on the 18th of June, 1847, at West Point. New York : A. S. Barnes, 1847.  Baccalaureate addresses.   48 p. ; 23 cm. CIRCULATING BOOKS  U410.F3 M3 1847.

Mansfield, Edward Deering, 1801-1880, USMA 1819, "The United States Military Academy at West Point," American journal of education for March, 1863, [17]-48 p. ; 23 cm. SPECIAL COLL-FL 4. Micro Fiche.

Mansfield, Edward Deering, 1801-1880, USMA 1819, Personal memories, social, political and literary, with sketches of many noted people, 1803-1843. Cincinnati, R. Clarke & co., 1879.  CIRCULATING BOOKS  E338 .M28
Molloy, Peter Michael.
Title: "Technical Education and the Young Republic: West Point as America's École Polytechnique, 1802-1833."
Publication: Brown U. 1975. 497 pp.
Citation: DAI 1976 37(1): 554-555-A.
Martin, Patrick et al.
Citation: Hudson River Valley Review 2005 22(1): 107-114. ISSN: 1546-3486


Morrison, James Lunsford Jr., 1923-,  The United States Military Academy, 1833-1866 : years of progress and turmoil. ARCHIVES-PERSHING CNTR. Call # U410.L1 M671 1970. 372 leaves ; 21 cm. Photocopy of 1970 Columbia University thesis,  University Microfilms International, 1979.

Morrison, James L. Jr., "Educating the Civil War Generals: West Point, 1833-1861," Military Affairs, Vol. 38, No. 3. (Oct., 1974), pp. 108-111.   Have photocopy from JSTOR, August 2000.
Morrison, James L., Jr., ed.
Citation: Civil War History 1980 26(4): 304-325. ISSN: 0009-8078
Morrison, James L., Jr.
Citation: Civil War History 1973 19(2): 138-148. ISSN: 0009-8078


Morrison, James L., "The best school in the world": West Point, the pre-Civil War years, 1833-1866. Kent, Ohio : Kent State University Press, c1986. USMA: U410.L1 M67 1986. Have copy.  Reprinted as "...Best School":  West Point, 1833-1866.  Kent, OH:  Kent State  University Press, 1998.

Moss, Michael E., Ed., Robert W. Weir of West Point: Illustrator, Teacher and Poet,  1976. 69p. Occasional Paper No. 4. ERIC_NO: ED156126.
    ABSTRACT: Two concurrent exhibits at the U.S. Military Academy from October 1976 to January 1977 were devoted to the paintings and book illustrations of Professor Robert W. Weir, head of the Department of Drawing at the Academy from 1834 to 1876, and to drawings done by cadets under his instruction. In addition to a catalog of the works on display, this volume contains studies of Weir's accomplishments as an illustrator, a teacher, and a poet. It is illustrated throughout with examples of works from the exhibits. (JAB)

Norton, Aloysius A., A history of the United States Military Academy Library, Wayne, N.J. : Avery Pub. Group, c1986, vii, 40 p. : ill., ports. ; 28 cm.
Nygren, Kip P.
Citation: Hudson River Valley Review 2005 21(2): 13-19. ISSN: 1546-3486
Osterbrock, Donald E.
Citation: Journal for the History of Astronomy [Great Britain] 1984 15(3): 151-176. ISSN: 0021-8286


Patton, Leroy T., "Military Education in the United States," Journal of Higher Education, Vol. 8, No. 8. (Nov., 1937), pp. 425-434. Have copy from JSTOR. 

In 1937 no member of the mathematics department had even a master's degree. 
Preston, Adrian.
Citation: Queen's Quarterly [Canada] 1967 74(3): 398-412. ISSN: 0033-6041

Raines, Edgar F., Jr.
Citation: Register of the Kentucky Historical Society 1985 83(4): 315-346. ISSN: 0023-0243
Rapp, Kenneth W.
Citation: Milwaukee History 1979 2(4): 95-107. ISSN: 0163-7622

Richardson, Robert Charlwood, Jr., 1882-1954, USMA 1904, West Point; an intimate picture of the national Military academy and of the life of the cadet,  foreword by Major-General Hugh L. Scott. New York and London, G. P. Putnam's sons, 1917. USMA:   U410.P1 .R396. MAJ Mike Huber showed me his copy, July 2000.

The 1916 Information Relative to the Appointment and Admission of Cadets to the United States Military Academy is included as an appendix. It contains the math admission exam on algebra and geometry. The book has no index, but some interesting photographs.
Robinson, Willard B.
Citation: Rhode Island History 1975 34(3): 77-94. ISSN: 0035-4619
Rosenswaike, Ira.
Citation: American Jewish Historical Quarterly 1971 61(1): 69-73. ISSN: 0002-9068
Russell, J. Thomas, Edgar Allan Poe: The Army Years. 1972. 58pp. ERIC_NO: ED156120
    ABSTRACT: This issue of the United States Military Academy Library Bulletin reviews the reported facts of Poe's biography from his enlistment at the age of 15 to the termination of his military sojourn. The 1831 and the 1966 Corps of Cadets' subscriptions for Poe's "Poems" are also discussed, and a long-term inaccuracy regarding the poet's West Point experience is corrected, using evidence from the USMA archival documents. (Author/JAB)

Russell, J. Thomas, Preliminary Guide to the Manuscript Collection of the U.S. Military Academy Library. 1968. 276p.   ERIC_NO: ED156118
    ABSTRACT: This listing of historically important manuscripts and documents was prepared for the use of cadets, faculty, and outside scholars. While the strength of the collection lies in its coverage of the cadet and professional army careers of academy graduates, it is also rich in materials from the Revolutionary War era and includes records of the Post-Revolutionary War Army at West Point. The guide is arranged alphabetically by the name of the cadet, professor, academy associate, or the historical event. Each entry includes one or more of the following: (1) types of material in the collection (letters, diaries, maps, photographs, papers, scrapbooks); (2) number of items; (3) analysis and/or description of the collection items; (4) acquisition data; and (5) names of people or subjects prominent in the collection.


Shallat, Todd.
Citation: Technology and Culture 1990 31(1): 18-50. ISSN: 0040-165X


Sibley, Judith, A history of the Special Collections Division of the U.S. Military Academy Library,   Thesis (M.S.)--Long Island University, 1985,  52 leaves ; 28 cm.  SPECIAL COLL-FL 4    U410.V1 S5 1985.
Singleton, Edward; McCrimmon, Barbara, ed.
Citation: Manuscripts 2003 55(3): 223-233. ISSN: 0025-262X


Simons, Lao G., "The influence of French mathematicians at the end of the eighteenth century upon the teaching of mathematics in American colleges," Isis, 15 (1931), pp. 104-123. [Have photocopy]

Nathaniel Bowditch (1773-1838) turned down a professorsip at West Point (p. 107; track this down).  Nice discussion of the translations of Legendre's \'El\'ements de G\'eom\'etrie (1794) by Farrar, Brewster and Carlyle, Ryan, and Davies. She claims "There is strong internal evidence that Davies took over the Ryan without mentioning the man". [Is this the issue that led to the court case? Track that down.] The various editions of this work and the role they played in the USMA classroom and around the country, deserves further study. Discussion of Monge on Descriptive Geometry, Bourdon' Algebra and its translations, Biot's Analytic Geometry, and Lacroix's Calculus. There is a lot of meat in this paper that should be followed up.
Simons, Lao G., "The adaption of the method of fluxions in American schools," Scripta Mathematica, 4 (1936), 207-219. [Have journal and photocopy]
Commencement theses at Harvard as early as 1719 show an interest in fluxions. By 1751 fluxions took a leading place in commencement theses. Thomas Clap, in his 1766 history of Yale, says some students are proficient in fluxions. A 1792 student notebook from the University of Pennyslvania contains information on fluxions, including a proof of the product rule. The earliest printed American work dealing with fluxions are Robert Adrain's revision of Hutton's Course in Mathematics (vol. 2, pp. 304-375 of the first American edition, 1812), Samuel Vince's Principles of Fluxions (1812), and L. I. M. Chevigne's Mathematical Manual for the use of St. Mary's College of Baltimore (1806).  I have been unable to locate a copy of the last of these; the first two are in the USMA library.
Smirnov, V.I.: GASPAR MONZH [GASPARD MONGE], Moscow, 1947. 8vo. 88 pp + errata-slip + portrait. Printed wrappers, library stamps.   Offered for sale by Olof Edlund, Bookseller at US$65.00. [, May 2000]

The Thayer Collection; Its History, Significance and an Account of the Restoration Project.
Library Bulletin No. 13. 1975. 8p. ERIC_NO: ED121300

ABSTRACT: Acquired for the United States Military Academy in the early nineteenth century, the Thayer collection embraces almost every discipline and comprises some 1,000 books and 500 charts and maps. A recent restoration of these manuscripts has emphasized maintaining the integrity of the originals. Among the volumes are works by Buffon, Diderot, Johnson, Lagrange, Lalande, Laplace, Legendre, and Montesquieu. (EMH)

Strobridge, Truman R.
Citation: Military Review 1989 69(10): 78-86. ISSN: 0026-4148

Stone, William C., The Olivier Models, Friends of the Union College Library, Schenectady, N.Y., 1969, 18 pp. Have photocopy. 

Describes the string models at Union College which are similar to those at West Point. 

United States Military Academy. Library, The earliest printed catalogue of books in the United States Military Academy Library. Foreword by Sidney Forman [West Point, 1962?]  Call #  U410.V3 U61e 1822. Description:  [1] l., facsim. : 31 p. 23 cm
     Notes: Reproduction of the earliest ed., with t. p. reading : Catalogue of books in the
                 Library of the Military Academy. August 1822. Printed by Ward M. Gazlay,
                 Newburgh, N.Y., 1822

United States Military Academy. LibraryCatalogue of the library, U.S. Military academy, West Point, N.Y. 1873..  Imprint: Newburgh, N.Y., C. Jannicky, 1876. Call #  U410.V3 U61 1873. Description:  viii, 1027 p. ; 24 cm
     Notes:  Includes supplement containing the additions from 1873 to 31 December,
                 1881. Classified with index to the catalog and supplement.

United States. War Dept, Information relative to the appointment and admission of cadets to the United States military academy, Washington, Govt. print. off., 24-36 cm, No t.-p. USMA:  U410.A3 U61.
    The volume I examined covered the years 1925-1932. The library has other volumes but nowhere near a complete run.

Velamazán, María Angeles and Ausejo, Elena. "DE LAGRANGE A CAUCHY: EL CALCULO DIFERENCIAL EN LAS ACADEMIAS MILITARES EN ESPAÑA EN EL SIGLO XIX, [From Lagrange to Cauchy: differential calculus in 19th-century Spanish military academies]. Llull [Spain; ISSN:  0210-8615] 1993 16(30): 327-370.

Abstract:       Discusses the contribution of Spanish military academies to the study of differential calculus, noting the work of Fernando García San Pedro, whose research on increments became a standard among military engineers during the 19th century.

Wade, Arthur P.
Citation: Military Affairs 1974 38(3): 103-107. ISSN: 0026-3931
Fulltext: [ Jstor ]
Walker, Joseph T.
Citation: Vermont History 1965 33(2): 313-325. ISSN: 0042-4161

Webb, Lester A., Captain Alden Partridge and the United States Military Academy, 1806-1833, Northport, Ala., American Southern [1965], USMA      U410.L1 W382c. [Have copy.]
Weigley, Russell F.
Citation: Civil War Times 1964 3(7): 42-48. ISSN: 1546-9980


Welch, M. L., "Early West Point: French teachers and influences," American Society Legion of Honor Magazine, 26, no. 1 (1955), 27-45. [Known from Hunter and Dooley, 1989, p. 215]. See BOUND PERIODICALS-4TH FLR.

Wilkinson, Norman B., "The forgotten "founder" of West Point," Military Affairs 1960 24(4): 177-188.

Sketches the career of Louis de Tousard in the French and American armies and argues that his 1798 proposals laid the groundwork for the establishment of the military academy.  Have copy from JSTOR, August 2000.
Wilson, William, ed.
Citation: Hudson Valley Regional Review 1991 8(2): 61-72. ISSN: 0742-2075



Wood, C. Henry, The General Education Movement and the West Point Curriculum, Ph.D. Columbia University, 1951. Not available at University Microfilms. Not in USMA library.